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Improving Diets and Nutrition - Food-Based Approaches
Nutrition-sensitive, food-based approaches towards hunger and malnutrition -- this book discusses the policy, strategic, methodological, technical and programmatic issues associated with such approaches. It also provides practical lessons for advancing nutrition-sensitive, food-based approaches. It is a useful resource for decision- and policy-makers, program planners and implementers.
Guidelines for Assessing Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices
The Guidelines for assessing nutrition-related knowledge, attitudes and practices is a reference guide and practical tool for conducting high-quality surveys of nutrition- and health-related knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP ) at the community level. The manual is written for people in charge of planning, implementing and evaluating food security and nutrition projects; these include project managers, nutritionists, health workers, planning and evaluation specialists and many others.
Report of the Seventh Session of the Sub-Committee on Aquaculture, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation, 7-11 October 2013
This document contains the report of the session adopted by the Sub-Committee. The Sub-Committee approved the draft terms of reference for an advisory working group on aquatic genetic resources and technologies and the draft evaluation framework assessing conformity of public and private certification schemes with the FAO technical guidelines on aquaculture certification.
Age Determination of Elasmobranch, with special reference to Mediterranean species - A Technical Manual
Age information is an essential component in growth rate, mortality rate and productivity calculations, hence it is classified among the most influential of biological variables. In this manual, the most recognized age determination methods for elasmobranchs have been brought together so as to provide a detailed and hands-on guide to successful and validated methods for ageing sharks, skates and rays. Particular emphasis is given to vertebral sections and image analysis techniques as applied to elasmobranch species from the Mediterranean Sea, suited to both novice and experienced age readers.
State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture
FAO’s State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture presents a world review of fisheries and aquaculture including trends and statistics. This year’s publication presents trends in fish production, consumption and trade, as well FAO’s “Blue Growth” initiative, which represents a coherent framework for the sustainable integrated and socio-economically sensitive management of oceans and wetlands. Other themes highlighted include the role of aquaculture in improving nutrition, the importance of reducing post-harvest losses in small-scale fisheries and challenges and opportunities for utilization of fisheries by-products.
Report of the FAO/NEPAD Workshop on Climate Change, Disaster and Crises in the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector in West and Central Africa
The purpose of the regional Workshop on Climate Change, Disasters and Crises in the Fisheries and Aquaculture Sector in West and Central Africa was to contribute to a process that is currently under way to determine the gaps in adaptation and disaster risk management strategies, policies and activities that aim to assist fishers, fish farmers, fish workers and the communities they live in to improve their resilience to the impacts of disasters and climate change, and to identify areas to address these gaps based on the experience of the participants.
Developing New Approaches to Global Stock Status Assessment and Fishery Production Potential of the Seas
Stock status is a key parameter for evaluating the sustainability of fishery resources and developing corresponding management plans. Unfortunately, the majority of stocks are not assessed, often as a result of insufficient data and the lack of resources needed to execute formal stock assessments. This working group focused on two approaches to estimating fisheries status: one based on single stock status and the other based on ecosystem production.
Animal Genetic Resources - an international journal
Animal Genetic Resources is an international journal published by Cambridge University Press under the auspices of FAO’s Animal Genetic Resources Branch. The journal provides an international forum for the publication of papers related to the management of animal genetic resources for food and agriculture. This 53rd volume includes a special issue on adding value to livestock breeds. The idea for this was born during the session "Strategies to add value to local breeds"at the 61st Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science held in August 2010, in Crete, Greece. Nine papers are presented here.

Inland Fisheries Evolution and Management: Case Studies from Four Continents
In 2009 inland fisheries produced some 10 million tons of fish. Despite their importance to rural communities, especially in the least developed countries, little attention has been paid to the sector in recent years. As a result there is a deficit in management of the fisheries and also an increasing threat to freshwater by a number of non-fishery users of the aquatic resource. As part of an effort to raise awareness of the various problems facing inland fisheries and to examine more closely the various issues this document reviews four of the world's best documented inland fisheries - the Mekong, the Amazon, Lake Constance and Lake Victoria. These represent two lake fisheries and two river fisheries drawn from a wide geographical sample – Africa, Asia, South America and Europe.
Implementation Guidelines on Part B of the Code, the Voluntary Guidelines and the Safety Recommendations
The Implementation Guidelines are intended for the attention of maritime, labor and fisheries ministries and any other relevant government ministry as and when it is decided to implement the three FAO/ILO/IMO instruments on the design, construction and equipment of fishing vessels of all types and sizes. The Implementation Guidelines cover areas such as: development of a safety strategy; legal implications; administrative requirements; capacity-building; training of crew members; enforcement of regulations; and operational safety.
Appropriate Food Packaging Solutions for Developing Countries
The study was undertaken to serve as a basis for the international congress Save Food!, taking place from 16 to 17 May 2011, at the international packaging industry fair Interpack2011 in Düsseldorf, Germany. Save Food! has been co-organized by Interpack2011 and FAO, aiming to raise awareness on global food losses and waste. In addition, Save Food! brings to the attention of the international packaging industry the constraints faced by the small- and medium-scale food processing industries in developing countries to obtain access to adequate packaging materials which are economically feasible. This revised edition, dated 2014, contains a new section on investment opportunities in developing countries.
Evidence-Based Assessment of the Sustainability and Replicability of Integrated Food-Energy Systems - A Guide Document
This publication presents an analytical framework which serves to screen different IFES options systematically and helps to define which IFES systems are sustainable and replicable. In concrete terms, this framework is envisioned to be a guidance document that allows its user to assess which factors make an IFES truly sustainable and which factors need to be considered when replicating such a system - be it a pilot project, a business innovation or a research experiment. Furthermore, it helps to systematically describe the potential contribution of IFES to sustainable agriculture and the growing bio-economy, and to raise awareness among decision-makers about which factors can facilitate the replication of such innovative projects.
Strengthening Organization and Collective Action in Fisheries: A Way Forward in Implementing the International Guidelines for Securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries

This document provides a summary of the Workshop held in Rome, 18-20 March 2013. The workshop anticipated the implementation of the SSF Guidelines by looking at the diversity of existing organizations and collective action in SSFs, analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, and proposing elements for a capacity development strategy to reduce poverty while promoting responsible fisheries. The document contains a summary of the plenary presentations and discussions, the working group outcomes and is complemented by the full text of two backgroup papers.

FAO's BEFS Bioenergy and Food Security Approach - Implementation Guide

The objective of this document is to assist stakeholders, primarily policymakers, who wish to develop bioenergy options that safeguard food security. The guidance in this document is based on FAO’s Bioenergy and Food Security Approach (BEFS ).

Growing Greener Cities in Latin America and the Caribbean
This report looks at progress made in “growing greener cities” in Latin America and the Caribbean – cities in which urban and peri-urban agriculture is recognized by public policy, included in urban development strategies and land-use planning, supported by agricultural research and extension, and linked to sources of technological innovation, investment and credit, and to urban markets and consumers.
Multicriteria-based Ranking for Risk Management of Food-borne Parasites
This report presents the results of a global ranking of food-borne parasites from a food safety perspective. It also provides an overview of the current status of knowledge of the ranked parasites in food and their public health and trade impact, and provides advice and guidance on the parasite-commodity combinations of particular concern, the issues that need to be addressed by risk managers, and the risk management options available to them. It documents the ranking process used to facilitate its adoption at regional, national, or local levels.
Poplars and Willows - Trees for Society and the Environment
Poplars and willows form an important component of forestry and agricultural systems, providing a wide range of wood and non-wood products. This book synthesizes the latest research on poplars and willows in an accessible format, providing a practical worldwide overview and guide to their basic characteristics, cultivation and use, and issues, problems and trends. Prominence is given to environmental benefits and the importance of poplar and willow cultivation in meeting the needs of people and communities, sustainable livelihoods, land use and development.
Pesticide Residues in Food
The annual Joint Meeting of the FAO Panel of Experts on Pesticide Residues in Food and the Environment and the WHO Core Assessment Group on Pesticide Residues was held in pursuance of recommendations made by previous Meetings. This report contains information on ADIs, ARfDs, maximum residue levels, and general principles for the evaluation of pesticides. The recommendations of the Joint Meeting, including further research and information, are proposed for use by Member governments of the respective agencies and other interested parties.
State of the World's Forests

This edition of FAO’s State of the World’s Forests report (SOFO 2014) addresses this knowledge gap by systematically gathering and analyzing available data on forests’ contributions to people’s livelihoods, food, health, shelter and energy needs. Crucially, the report also suggests how information might be improved and policies adjusted, so that the socioeconomic benefits from forests can be enhanced in the future.

Good Practices in Building Innovative Rural Institutions to Increase Food Security
Evidence from the ground shows that when strong rural organizations such as producer groups and cooperatives provide a full range of services to small producers, they are able to play a greater role in meeting a growing food demand on local, national and international markets. Indeed, a myriad of such institutional innovations from around the world are documented in this FAO case-study-based publication. Nevertheless, to be able to provide a broad array of services to their members, organizations have to develop a dense network of relationships among small producers, between small-producer organizations and with markets actors and policy-makers.
In Vivo Conservation of Animal Genetic Resources
As well as providing a wealth of information on breeding strategies for small at-risk populations, these guidelines provide advice on how to develop an effective and well-targeted national conservation strategy.
Identification Guide to the Deep-Sea Cartilaginous Fishes of the Indian Ocean
This fully illustrated guide is designed to assist with the identification of a selection of deep-sea cartilaginous fishes of the Indian Ocean that are of major, moderate or minor importance to fisheries. This guide is intended to help fishery workers collecting catch data in the field in the identification of the cartilaginous fish species they might encounter. It is conceived to be updatable, offering the possibility to add new species accounts as new species are described.
Value chain dynamics and the small-scale sector
This is an important publication reviewing the importance of fisheries and aquaculture to livelihoods, food security and trade as well as the rationale for value chain analysis.
Rebuilding West Africa's Food Potential Policies and Market Incentives for Smallholder-Inclusive Food Value Chains
This book offers an in-depth analyses of value chain policies, past and present in West Africa. The book contains a large number of in-depth case studies of food value chains in particular countries, including traditional export commodities (cocoa, cotton), high value exports (mangoes, horticulture) and the most important staple food value chains (oil palm, rice, maize, sorghum and millet and cassava) in the region. It also contains a large number of private and public initiatives, and thematic analyses relating to the role of the private agro-industry and producer organizations and their role as market agents.
Voluntary Standards for Sustainable Food Systems: Challenges and Opportunities
Voluntary standards are increasingly being presented as a tool to foster sustainable consumption and production. They are very often seen as the solution, the tool to make consumption and production more sustainable. They can deliver positive economic, environmental or social impacts, but they can also present challenges, particularly for small-scale producers. This publication is a compilation of the papers presented at the workshop, organized by the FAO/UNEP program in June 2013.
Using Spatial Information to Support Decisions on Safeguards and Multiple Benefits for REDD+ in Tanzania
This report presents spatial analyses developed during two working sessions in 2013 with members of the Tanzania Forest Service, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Forestry Training Institute (FTI) Olmotonyi and the UN-REDD Programme. The maps developed aim to support assessments of the potential for multiple benefits of REDD+ implementation at the national scale in Tanzania, and contribute to REDD+ plans, taking REDD+ safeguards into account. The maps also contribute towards the action in the Tanzania REDD+ Action Plan.
Managing climate risks and adapting to climate change in the agriculture sector in Nepal
This publication provides detailed information about climate and its variability in Nepal, including past trends, future climate change projections and likely impacts on the agriculture sector. It elaborates the institutional context for managing climate risks and adaptation and reiterates the need to strengthen the collection and analysis of data and information. The report also examines the issues and opportunities for mainstreaming climate change concerns into broader agriculture and food security policies, plans and strategies.
On-farm feeding and feed management in aquaculture
This technical paper provides a comprehensive review of on-farm feeding and feed management practices in aquaculture. It comprises of ten case studies on feeding and feed management practices carried out in seven selected countries of Asia and Africa for eight species that belong to four major farmed species of freshwater finfish and shellfish. The paper also includes an analysis of the findings of all case studies and a separately published case study for Indian major carps carried out in India. A review from ten invited specialist on feed management practices from regional and global perspectives and an overview of the current status of feed management practices are also part of this technical paper.
Respecting free, prior and informed consent - Practical guidance for governments, companies, NGOs, indigenous people and local communities in relation to the land acquisition
Ill-regulated land acquisition has become a major problem, especially in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, where it threatens food security, local livelihoods and sustainable natural resource management, and has triggered land conflicts and human rights abuse. Marginalized social groups are particularly at risk, including indigenous peoples, women, lower-caste people and ethnic minorities. This technical guide on Respecting free, prior and informed consent (FPIC) sets out practical actions for government agencies to respect and protect FPIC and for civil society organizations, land users and private investors globally to comply with their responsibilities in relation to FPIC.
Manual on Good Practices for the Feed Industry

This manual provides updated comprehensive information and practical guidelines to assist producers and all stakeholders along the production and distribution chain to comply with the regulatory framework, which have or will come into force in response to the Codex Alimentarius Code of Practice on Good Animal Feeding. The application of this Code is an important step for the expansion of international trade in feed products as well as in products of animal origin. Both food exporting and importing countries can benefit from a more level playing field to support the trade of safe food products. This publication is intended to guide managers of feed mills and the feed industry as a whole.

Feed Analysis Laboratory: Establishment and Quality Control Setting Up a Feed Analysis Laboratory, and Implementing a Quality Assurance System Compliant With ISO/IEC 17025:2005

Animal feed quality is crucial in the livestock sector. This document presents the sequence of activities for establishing a Feed Quality Analysis Laboratory – from initial planning, building and layout; through hiring suitable staff and selecting methods and equipment; and culminating in accreditation, based on an estimated four-year time frame.

The Quality Management System is stressed, and the document highlights validation of methods, personnel and training; systematic equipment maintenance and calibration; proficiency testing; quality control procedures; reporting; and auditing.

General Fisheries Commission for The Mediterranean Report of The Fifteenth Session of The Scientific Advisory Committee, Rome 8-11 April
This is the final report approved by the participants in the fifteenth session of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean held at FAO headquarters, Rome, Italy, from 8 to 11 April 2013.
Fish Marketing and Consumption Survey in the Kyrgyz Republic
This document has been prepared by the FAO Project “Support to Fishery and Aquaculture Management in the Kyrgyz Republic” (GCP/KYR/003/FIN). It is based on the data and information collected from a countrywide survey on fish marketing and fish consumption in the Kyrgyz Republic carried out by the project to contribute towards Project Output 1.1: “People have daily access to safe and high quality fish and learn the health benefits through larger fish consumption”, under Outcome 1: “Improved fish processing and marketing in the Kyrgyz Republic”. Under this outcome, the project also launched a fish consumption promotion campaign and created small-scale primary fish processing units. This report presents the key outcomes of the above survey.
Fish Identification Tools for Biodiversity and Fisheries Assessments Review and Guidance for Decision-Makers
This review provides an appraisal of existing, state-of-the-art fish identification (ID) tools (including some in the initial stages of their development) and shows their potential for providing the right solution in different real-life situations.
World Livestock 2013: Changing Disease Landscapes
This publication examines why and how pathogens of animal origin have become a major global public health threat, and what might be done to mitigate this threat. The increasing dynamics of disease at the human–animal–ecosystem interface are explored against the backdrop of changing biophysical and social landscapes. Based on a Pressure–State–Response analysis framework, disease events are described in their agro-ecological and socio-economic contexts.
Strengthening Forest Tenure Systems and Governance - Training Module for Facilitators
The module is meant to complement existing training modules produced by FAO and other organizations. It focuses on strengthening specific competences to help key stakeholders advance forest tenure reform in line with the guiding principles. The module also demonstrates the challenges involved in strengthening forest tenure, and introduces some tools for addressing them. The training revolves around the following milestones for strengthening forest tenure systems and governance.
Monitoring and Analysing Food And Agricutural Policies in Africa: Synthesis Report 2013

The synthesis report by FAO’s Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP) team, is the first ever attempt to systematically analyze agriculture and food security policies in several African countries, using common methodology over years.

The report found that the policy environment and performance of domestic markets depressed producer prices by an average of ten percent between 2005 and 2010, though price disincentives are declining.

Training Guide - Gender and Climate Change Research in Agriculture and Food Security for Rural Development Edition: 2
p>The Training Guide provides a clear understanding of the concepts related to gender and climate-smart agriculture; describes participatory methods for conducting gender-sensitive research on the impacts of climate change; and offers guidance on different ways of reporting research findings so that they can be properly analyzed. Using the guide will ensure that critical information on gender and climate change is collected, allowing researchers and development workers to formulate appropriate gender-sensitive policies and programs for rural development.

Policy Support Guidelines for the Promotion of Sustainable Production Intensification and Ecosystems Services

For “sustainable intensification” strategy as being implemented through Conservation Agriculture to spread faster, it needs not only the accurate application of the concept and principles, but also supportive policies that can facilitate adoption of Conservation Agriculture and reward the adopters for example with payments for environmental services.

The present publication provides guidance on such supportive policies, as well as on protocols which would be needed to support schemes of payments for environmental services. It is based on actual field experiences of FAO and GIZ in the promotion of Conservation Agriculture in different world regions and is directed specifically to decision makers in governments for designing and implementing agricultural policies and regulations for sustainable development.

Fisheries and Aquaculture Emergency Response Guidance Review Recommendations for Best Practice, 5-6 March 2012, Rome

The fisheries and aquaculture emergency response guidance (the Guidance) will compile the best practice in disaster response and recovery for fisheries and aquaculture and in turn help to ensure that disaster response and recovery for fisheries and aquaculture is consistent with the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. The Guidance will support both the saving of lives and the saving of livelihoods through two key strategies: by assisting in the identification of the most appropriate fisheries and aquaculture interventions in emergencies; and by setting out the best practice and providing guidance notes for these interventions.

Genebank Standards for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

The Genebank Standards for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, prepared under the guidance of the FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, lay down the procedures that need to be followed for conserving plant genetic resources. Meeting at its 14th Regular Session in Rome, the Commission endorsed the Genebank Standards for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. These voluntary standards set the benchmark for current scientific and technical best practices, and support the key international policy instruments for the conservation and use of plant genetic resources.

Food and Agriculture Policy Decisions
This report is based on extensive research, including document reviews and country level surveys, on policy decisions made by governments during the period 2007 to 2012. A broad range of food security and agricultural development policy decisions implemented in 71 developing countries of Africa (27), Asia (24) and Latin America and the Caribbean, LAC, (20) was reviewed. The countries covered represent 81, 90 and 98 percent of the total population in Africa, Asia and LAC, respectively. The review has focused on policy trends, common practices and emerging issues. Policies are increasingly designed to influence domestic food availability and access.
Compendium of Food Additive Specifications - Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives. Seventy-Seventh Meeting 2013
The specification monographs provide information on the identity and purity of food additives used directly in foods or in food production. The main three objectives of these specifications are to identify the food additive that has been subjected to testing for safety, to ensure that the additives are of the quality required for use in food or in processing and to reflect and encourage good manufacturing practice. This publication and other documents produced by JECFA contain information that is useful to all those who work with or are interested in food additives and their safe use in food.
Deep Sea Cartilaginous Fishes of the Indian Ocean
This volume is a comprehensive, fully illustrated Catalogue of the Deep–sea Sharks of the Indian Ocean, encompassing FAO Fishing Areas 51 and 57, and that portion of Area 47 off South Africa from about 18°42’E to 30°00’E. The present volume includes 8 orders, 23 families, 46 genera, and 117 species of shark–like fishes occurring in the Indian Ocean deep–sea. It provides accounts for all orders, families, and genera and all keys to taxa are fully illustrated.
Rights-based Management in Latin American Fisheries

This document aims to provide a better understanding of the wide range of rights-based fisheries management systems in Latin-America. Rights-based management in the Latin American region is evolving, thus creating a wide diversity of schemes responding to local fisheries contexts, and institutional, resource and ecosystem dynamics and governance capacities.

Guidance on Addressing Child Labour In Fisheries and Aquaculture

The present document is a response to one of the recommendations of a Workshop on Child Labour in Fisheries and Aquaculture held in Rome in 2010, which requested FAO and ILO to develop guiding principles for policy makers, organizations of fishers, fish farmers, fish workers and employers, and other sectoral institutions, development practitioners, and the general public to address child labor in the fisheries and aquaculture sector.

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